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Infant Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging Using Oscillatory Ventilation: Safe and Effective.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23344894     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) for infants and young children typically requires sedation. General anesthesia with controlled ventilation can eliminate motion artifact with breath-holds during imaging to limit respiratory artifact, but these may lead to atelectasis or other complications. High-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) provides ventilation with near-constant mean airway pressure and minimal movement of chest wall and diaphragm, thus obviating the need for breath-holding. Clinical data were collected for 8 infants who underwent CMR with HFOV and 8 controls who underwent CMR with conventional ventilator and breath-hold technique. Data included demographic information, adverse events, and scan-acquisition time. Studies were reviewed for image quality by two cardiologists who were blinded to type of ventilation. There were no significant differences in patient characteristics between the two groups. There was no significant difference in average image quality for cine short-axis or black blood imaging. Total CMR scan time was not significantly different between groups, but the short-axis cine stack was acquired more quickly in the HFOV group (1.8 ± 0.8 vs. 5.0 ± 3.6 min). There were no adverse events in the HFOV group, but scans were terminated early for two patients in the conventional ventilator group. HFOV during CMR is feasible and well tolerated. Image quality is equivalent to that obtained with conventional ventilation with breath-holding technique and allows shorter cine scan times for some sequences.
Authors:
Alicia H Chaves; Joseph R Cava; Pippa Simpson; George M Hoffman; Margaret M Samyn
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-1971     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Cardiol     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003849     Medline TA:  Pediatr Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
The Herma Heart Center, Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, 53226, USA, achaves@peds.umaryland.edu.
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