Document Detail

Induction of tumor cytotoxicity in murine bone marrow-derived macrophages by two synthetic lipopeptide analogues.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2775484     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Lipoprotein from the outer membrane of Escherichia coli and the synthetically prepared lipopeptides Pam3Cys-Ala-Gly and Pam3Cys-Ser-[Lys]4 derived from the N-terminus of lipoprotein constitute potent macrophage and polyclonal B-lymphocyte activators. The compounds have also been shown to induce tumor cytotoxicity in murine bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDM). Bone marrow stem cells were cultured in the presence of colony-stimulating factor 1 to yield BMDM of 98 to 99% purity at day 8. After stimulation with the lipopeptides on days 4, 6, 8 and 10 of bone marrow culture, the cytotoxic effect of BMDM on the tumor cell line L929 was determined in a [3H]thymidine release assay. Maximum tumor cytotoxicity was found on day 8 with an optimal effector/target-cell ratio of 10:1, and a duration of lipopeptide stimulation of 4 h. The supernatants of lipopeptide stimulated BMDM also showed cytotoxic activity that could be inhibited by antiserum against tumor necrosis factor alpha. The effects of the lipopeptides Pam3Cys-Ala-Gly and Pam3Cys-Ser-[Lys]4 were comparable or superior to those exerted by lipopolysaccharide. Our results demonstrate that synthetic lipopeptides are potent activators for murine BMDM and may therefore prove to be an important tool for the elucidation of the role of macrophages in the host defence mechanisms against tumor cells.
P Hoffmann; K H Wiesmüller; J Metzger; G Jung; W G Bessler
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biological chemistry Hoppe-Seyler     Volume:  370     ISSN:  0177-3593     ISO Abbreviation:  Biol. Chem. Hoppe-Seyler     Publication Date:  1989 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-10-23     Completed Date:  1989-10-23     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8503054     Medline TA:  Biol Chem Hoppe Seyler     Country:  GERMANY, WEST    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  575-82     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institut für Immunobiologie der Universität, Freiburg.
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MeSH Terms
Acetylmuramyl-Alanyl-Isoglutamine / pharmacology
Bone Marrow / immunology
Bone Marrow Cells
Cytotoxicity, Immunologic / drug effects*
Lipopolysaccharides / pharmacology
Lipoproteins / pharmacology*
Macrophage Activation / drug effects*
Mice, Inbred BALB C
Molecular Structure
Tumor Cells, Cultured / immunology
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / secretion
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Lipopolysaccharides; 0/Lipoproteins; 0/Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha; 112208-00-1/N-palmitoyl-S-(2,3-bis(palmitoyloxy)propyl)cysteinyl-seryl-lysyl-lysyl-lysyl-lysine; 117858-54-5/N-palmitoyl-5,6-dipalmitoylcysteinyl-alanyl-glycine; 53678-77-6/Acetylmuramyl-Alanyl-Isoglutamine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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