Document Detail

Induction of lucid dreams: A systematic review of evidence.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22841958     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
In lucid dreams the dreamer is aware of dreaming and often able to influence the ongoing dream content. Lucid dreaming is a learnable skill and a variety of techniques is suggested for lucid dreaming induction. This systematic review evaluated the evidence for the effectiveness of induction techniques. A comprehensive literature search was carried out in biomedical databases and specific resources. Thirty-five studies were included in the analysis (11 sleep laboratory and 24 field studies), of which 26 employed cognitive techniques, 11 external stimulation and one drug application. The methodological quality of the included studies was relatively low. None of the induction techniques were verified to induce lucid dreams reliably and consistently, although some of them look promising. On the basis of the reviewed studies, a taxonomy of lucid dream induction methods is presented. Several methodological issues are discussed and further directions for future studies are proposed.
Tadas Stumbrys; Daniel Erlacher; Melanie Schädlich; Michael Schredl
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Consciousness and cognition     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1090-2376     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9303140     Medline TA:  Conscious Cogn     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Institute of Sports and Sports Sciences, Heidelberg University, Germany.
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