Document Detail

Induction of coronary artery spasm by two pharmacological agents: comparison between intracoronary injection of acetylcholine and ergonovine.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12966266     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There have been few studies comparing the clinical usefulness for the induction of coronary artery spasm (CAS) between acetylcholine (ACh) and ergonovine (ER). This study is designed: (1) to examine the duration of effect after intracoronary injection of ACh on the responsible vessels using a 0.014 inch, 15 MHz Doppler guide wire, and (2) to evaluate the efficacy of two pharmacological agents, ACh and ER, for the induction of CAS in patients with <50% stenosis in the cardiac laboratory. METHODS: Phasic coronary flow velocity patterns were recorded at rest and during ACh tests in 22 patients with normal or near-normal coronary arteries. The tip of the guide wire was placed on the proximal right coronary artery (RCA) and mid-left anterior descending artery. We measured the time required to baseline level of average peak velocity after intracoronary injection of ACh. We performed selective intracoronary administration of both ER and ACh in the same 171 patients (106 men, 65 women, mean age of 62+/-10 years) with <50% stenosis. Under no medication, ACh was injected first in incremental doses of 20, 50, and 80 microg into the RCA and of 20, 50, and 100 microg into the left coronary artery (LCA). Ten minutes later, ER was administered at 10 microg/min for four minutes for a maximal dose of 40 microg on the RCA and at 16 microg/min over four minutes for a total dose of 64 microg on the LCA. Positive spasm was defined as > or =99% luminal narrowing. RESULTS: The time-averaged peak velocity returned to baseline after intracoronary injection of ACh within 10 minutes in all 120 procedures, consisted of 19 with positive spasm (RCA (n=10): 245+/-33 s; LCA (n=9): 351+/-187 s) and 101 with negative spasm (RCA (n=48): 155+/-62 s, LCA (n=53): 248+/-106 s). In the overall results, there was no difference concerning the incidence of provoked spasm between the two pharmacological agents (ACh: 33% versus ER: 32%, NS). Coronary spasms were induced by either pharmacological agent in 134 vessels. Concordance in this study was 94% in all vessels, whereas the remaining 6% of vessels were different from each other. The non-concordance rate of the right coronary artery was significantly higher than that of the left coronary artery (10% versus 4%, p<0.01). However, ER provoked more focal spasms, whereas ACh provoked more diffuse and distal spasms, compared with each other. Seventy-four (55%) of the 134 vessels had coronary spasms in the same coronary arteries. Concordance of both provoked spasm sites and spasm configurations in the same coronary artery was observed in only 18 (13%) vessels. No serious or irreversible complications were observed during the two sequential tests. CONCLUSIONS: As a spasm provocation test, there were no differences between ACh and ER. We recommend the supplementary use of these two pharmacological agents for the induction of CAS in the cardiac laboratory, if available.
Shozo Sueda; Hiroaki Kohno; Hiroshi Fukuda; Naoto Ochi; Hiroyuki Kawada; Yutaka Hayashi; Tadao Uraoka
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Coronary artery disease     Volume:  14     ISSN:  0954-6928     ISO Abbreviation:  Coron. Artery Dis.     Publication Date:  2003 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-09-10     Completed Date:  2004-03-19     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9011445     Medline TA:  Coron Artery Dis     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  451-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Cardiology, Saiseikai Saijo Hospital, Tsuitachi 269-1, Saijo City, Ehime Prefecture 793-0027, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Acetylcholine / adverse effects
Blood Flow Velocity / drug effects,  physiology
Coronary Angiography
Coronary Circulation / drug effects,  physiology
Coronary Stenosis / chemically induced,  physiopathology
Coronary Vasospasm / chemically induced*,  physiopathology
Ergonovine / adverse effects
Injections, Intra-Arterial
Middle Aged
Oxytocics / adverse effects*
Ultrasonography, Doppler
Vasodilator Agents / adverse effects*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Oxytocics; 0/Vasodilator Agents; 51-84-3/Acetylcholine; 60-79-7/Ergonovine

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