Document Detail

Induction of apoptosis in HeLa cells by 3beta-hydroxy-12-oleanen-27-oic acid from the rhizomes of Astilbe chinensis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16214353     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
3beta-Hydroxy-12-oleanen-27-oic acid (ATA) was an antitumor active oleanane-type triterpenoid from the rhizomes of Astilbe chinensis. ATA was structurally very similar to oleanolic acid, with the only difference being interchange of the carboxyl and methyl group at the C-14 and C-17 positions. Oleanane-type triterpene with a carboxyl group at C-14 is present in a limited number of natural resources. ATA was found to exhibit more distinctive cytotoxicity toward human cervical squamous carcinoma HeLa cells than oleanolic acid, which suggested that the position of the carboxyl group significantly affects the cytotoxicity of oleanane-type pentacyclic triterpenes with a carboxyl group. The biological mechanism responsible for the cytotoxicity of ATA is not yet well understood. In this study, we investigated the induction of apoptosis in HeLa cells by ATA and the putative pathways of its actions. ATA induced a marked concentration- and time-dependent inhibition of HeLa cell proliferation, and reduced the protein content in HeLa cells. ATA-treated HeLa displayed typical morphological apoptotic characteristics and formation of DNA ladders in agarose gel electrophoresis. Flow cytometric analysis showed that the HeLa cell cycle was arrested in the G(0)/G(1) phase by ATA, and the apoptotic rate of HeLa cells treated with ATA 20 microg/mL for 48 h was 22.63 +/- 1.65%. Meanwhile, ATA increased the expression of Bax, decreased the expression of Bcl-2, and lowered the DeltaPsi(m). DEVD-CHO 2 microM could increase the viability of ATA-treated HeLa cells. These results indicate that ATA could significantly induce cell apoptosis through down-regulating Bcl-2 expression, up-regulating Bax expression, lowering DeltaPsi(m), and activating the caspase-3 pathway, and should be useful in the search for new potential anti-tumor agents and for developing semisynthetic oleanane-type triterpene derivatives with anti-tumor activity.
Hong-Xiang Sun; Quan-Fang Zheng; Jue Tu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2005-10-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry     Volume:  14     ISSN:  0968-0896     ISO Abbreviation:  Bioorg. Med. Chem.     Publication Date:  2006 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-01-09     Completed Date:  2006-03-17     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9413298     Medline TA:  Bioorg Med Chem     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1189-98     Citation Subset:  IM    
College of Animal Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.
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MeSH Terms
Apoptosis / drug effects*
DNA / genetics
Hela Cells
Microscopy, Electron, Transmission
Molecular Structure
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / metabolism
Rhizome / chemistry*
Saxifragaceae / chemistry*
Triterpenes / chemistry,  pharmacology*
bcl-2-Associated X Protein / metabolism
Reg. No./Substance:
0/3beta-hydroxy-12-oleanen-27-oic acid; 0/Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 0/Triterpenes; 0/bcl-2-Associated X Protein; 9007-49-2/DNA

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