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Induction of DNA damage, including abasic sites, in plasmid DNA by carbon ion and X-ray irradiation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23188258     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
DNA from plasmid pUC18 was irradiated with low-LET (13 keV/μm) or high-LET (60 keV/μm) carbon ions or X-rays (4 keV/μm) in solutions containing several concentrations of Tris (0.66-200 mM) to determine the yield of abasic (AP) sites and the effect of scavenging capacity. The yield of AP sites, detected as single-strand breaks (SSB) after digestion with E. coli endonuclease IV (Nfo), was compared with that of SSB and base lesions. At higher concentrations of Tris, the yields of single or clustered AP sites were significantly lower than those of single or clustered base lesions. The relative yields of single AP sites and AP clusters were less than 10 and 7 %, respectively, of the total damage produced at a scavenger capacity mimicking that in cells. The dependence of the yield of AP sites on scavenging capacity was similar to that of prompt strand breaks. The ratios of the yield of isolated AP sites to that of SSB induced by carbon ion or X-ray irradiation were relatively constant at 0.45 ± 0.15 over the tested range of scavenger capacity, although the ratio of SSB to double-strand breaks (DSB) showed the characteristic dependence on both scavenging capacity and radiation quality. These results indicate that the reaction of water radiolysis products, presumably OH radicals, with the sugar-phosphate moieties in the DNA backbone induces both AP sites and SSB with similar efficiency. Direct ionization of DNA is notably more involved in the production of DSB and base lesion clusters than in the production of AP site clusters.
Authors:
Takuya Shiina; Ritsuko Watanabe; Iyo Shiraishi; Masao Suzuki; Yuki Sugaya; Kentaro Fujii; Akinari Yokoya
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Radiation and environmental biophysics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-2099     ISO Abbreviation:  Radiat Environ Biophys     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0415677     Medline TA:  Radiat Environ Biophys     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Advanced Science Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 2-4 Shirakata-shirane, Tokai, Ibaraki, 319-1195, Japan.
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