Document Detail

Induction of Apoptosis in Human Promyelocytic Leukemia HL60 Cells by an Extract From Erythrina suberosa Stem Bark.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21711175     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
In this study, the apoptosis-inducing effect of an alcoholic extract from Erythrina suberosa stem bark (ESB) was investigated using human promyelocytic leukemia HL60 cells. Cell viability was estimated by MTT assay. We found that the ESB inhibited cell proliferation in a dose- and time-dependent manner. A series of well-documented morphological changes, such as cell shrinkage, condensation of nuclear chromatin, and nuclear fragmentation, were observed by fluorescence microscopy. The gold standard scanning electron micrographs showed apoptotic bodies and formation of blebs. Cell cycle analysis showed a significant increase in Sub G(0) population of cells above 50 μg/ml. ESB treatment resulted in a dose-dependent increase in annexin V positive cells. Increase in intracellular ROS production up to sixfold was detected in ESB-treated HL60 cells by DCFH-DA assay. Dissipation of mitochondrial membrane potential of intact cells accompanied by increase in cytosolic cytochrome c was observed, which was followed by activation of caspase-9 and -3 but not caspase-8. DNA fragmentation analysis revealed typical ladders as early as 18 h indicative of caspase-3 role in the apoptotic pathway. The overall results suggest that ESB induces mitochondria-mediated intrinsic apoptotic pathway in HL60 cells and might have therapeutic value against human leukemia.
Satyam Kumar Agrawal; Madhunika Agrawal; Parduman Raj Sharma; Bishan Datt Gupta; Saroj Arora; Ajit Kumar Saxena
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-6-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nutrition and cancer     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-7914     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-6-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7905040     Medline TA:  Nutr Cancer     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
a Cancer Pharmacology Division , Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine , Jammu , India.
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