Document Detail


Inducing impulsivity leads high and low restrained eaters into overeating, whereas current dieters stick to their diet.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19467278     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Previous research has related impulsivity to overeating and obesity. However, the precise nature of this relation has not been examined yet. One possibility is that impulsivity causes overeating and hence contributes to overweight. To test this possibility we induced impulsivity versus inhibition to see whether this would affect food intake. In the first study participants were cognitively primed with the concepts "impulsivity" or "inhibition". Caloric intake was significantly higher in the Impulsivity Condition compared to the Inhibition Condition. This effect was even stronger for highly restrained participants. In the second study impulsivity was manipulated via behavioural instructions. Restrained and unrestrained nondieters acted as expected: their caloric intake was significantly higher when impulsivity was induced compared to inhibition. Current dieters sharply reduced their caloric intake following the impulsivity induction. These results are in accordance with Lowe's model that, contrary to restraint theory, states that restraint and current dieting are different constructs that affect eating regulation differently. At least for nondieters it can be concluded that heightened impulsivity versus inhibition leads to a higher food intake in the lab.
Authors:
Ramona Guerrieri; Chantal Nederkoorn; Martien Schrooten; Carolien Martijn; Anita Jansen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2009-05-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Appetite     Volume:  53     ISSN:  1095-8304     ISO Abbreviation:  Appetite     Publication Date:  2009 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-07-14     Completed Date:  2009-09-24     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006808     Medline TA:  Appetite     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  93-100     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands. r.guerrieri@maastrichtuniversity.nl
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Body Mass Index
Cognition
Diet, Reducing / psychology*
Eating / psychology
Energy Intake
Female
Humans
Hyperphagia / psychology*
Impulsive Behavior / psychology*
Inhibition (Psychology)
Taste Perception

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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