Document Detail


Induced changes in the consumption of coffee alter ad libitum dietary intake and physical activity level.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12064335     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Dietary trials with subjects on a freely selected diet may be affected by unwanted behavioural changes. Few studies, if any, have examined changes in coffee consumption and possible concomitant changes in diet and health-related habits. The aim of the present study was to examine whether induced changes in coffee consumption lead to changes in food habits and leisure-time physical activity. Healthy, non-smoking coffee-drinkers (n 214) were asked to change their coffee habits in a controlled clinical trial on the metabolic effects of coffee. The participants were asked to maintain their usual dietary habits. Self-perceived changes in diet and physical activity during the 6-week intervention period were assessed at the end. In the analyses, the participants were rearranged into groups reflecting the difference in coffee intake during the trial as compared with habitual intake. Associations with changes in food intake or physical activity were analysed by Spearman rank correlation. Changes in intake of 'chocolate, sweets' (r 0.179, P<0.05), 'cakes, sweet biscuits, pastry' (r 0.306, P<0.001), and 'jam' r 0.198, P<0.05) showed positive associations with change in coffee intake during the trial. Negative associations were found for 'dishes with fish' (r -0.204, P<0.01) and many of the drinks as well as with physical activity (r -0.164, P<0.05). Induced changes in coffee intake seem to alter ad libitum intake of several foods. The recognized associations between health behaviours may have physiological explanations.
Authors:
Annhild Mosdøl; Benedicte Christensen; Lars Retterstøl; Dag S Thelle
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of nutrition     Volume:  87     ISSN:  0007-1145     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2002 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-06-14     Completed Date:  2002-06-24     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372547     Medline TA:  Br J Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  261-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of General Practice and Community Medicine, University of Oslo, Norway. annhild.mosdol@samfunnsmed.uio.no
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Candy
Coffee*
Diet
Diet Records
Drinking Behavior / physiology*
Energy Intake
Exercise / physiology*
Female
Food Habits*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Coffee

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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