Document Detail


Indoor and outdoor measurements of particle number concentration in near-highway homes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23321863     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Exposure to high levels of traffic-generated particles may pose risks to human health; however, limited measurement has been conducted at homes near highways. The purpose of this study was to characterize differences between indoor and outdoor particle number concentration (PNC) in homes near to and distant from a highway and to identify factors that may affect infiltration. We monitored indoor and outdoor PNC (6-3000 nm) for 1-3 weeks at 18 homes located <1500 m from Interstate-93 (I-93) in Somerville, MA (USA). Median hourly indoor and outdoor PNC pooled over all homes were 5.2 × 10(3) and 5.9 × 10(3) particles/cm(3), respectively; the median ratio of indoor-to-outdoor PNC was 0.95 (5(th)/95th percentile: 0.42/1.75). Homes <100 m from I-93 (n=4) had higher indoor and outdoor PNC compared with homes >1000 m away (n=3). In regression models, a 10% increase in outdoor PNC was associated with an approximately equal (10.8%) increase in indoor PNC. Wind speed and direction, temperature, time of day and weekday were also associated with indoor PNC. Average mean indoor PNC was lower for homes with air conditioners compared with homes without air conditioning. These results may have significance for estimating indoor, personal exposures to traffic-related air pollution.Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology advance online publication, 16 January 2013; doi:10.1038/jes.2012.116.
Authors:
Christina H Fuller; Doug Brugge; Paige L Williams; Murray A Mittleman; Kevin Lane; John L Durant; John D Spengler
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of exposure science & environmental epidemiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1559-064X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101262796     Medline TA:  J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
1] Institute of Public Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA [2] Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
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