Document Detail


Indoor heated swimming pools: the vulnerability of some infants to develop spinal asymmetries years later.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17108419     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Evidence reported in an earlier paper suggests that infants introduced to indoor heated swimming pools in the first year of life show an association with spinal asymmetries including progressive adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and in normal subjects vertical spinous process asymmetry. Indoor heated swimming pools may contain a risk factor that predisposes some infants to develop such spinal asymmetries years later. What the risk factor(s) may be and its possible portal of entry into the infant's body are unknown and possibilities are examined. New teenage controls were obtained after mothers of AIS patients mentioned that they had taken their child to an infant swim class. In a further group of 18 normal teenagers introduced to an indoor heated swimming pool in the first year of life, 15 had vertical spinous process asymmetry. This prevalence of 83% of those at risk confirms our previous observation of vertical spinous process asymmetry in 61% of teenagers who were introduced to indoor heated swimming pools in the first year of life. Subject to confirmation of our observations consideration should be given to chemical risk factors, possible portals of entry, toxicology, environmental epigenomics and disease susceptibility to altered spinal development. If the risk factor is confirmed there may ultimately be a place for the prevention of AIS in some subjects.
Authors:
Marianne E McMaster; A J Lee; R G Burwell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Studies in health technology and informatics     Volume:  123     ISSN:  0926-9630     ISO Abbreviation:  Stud Health Technol Inform     Publication Date:  2006  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-11-19     Completed Date:  2007-01-03     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9214582     Medline TA:  Stud Health Technol Inform     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  151-5     Citation Subset:  T    
Affiliation:
Scottish National Paediatric Spine Centre, Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Female
Hot Temperature
Humans
Infant
Interviews as Topic
Male
Scotland
Spinal Curvatures / etiology*,  prevention & control
Swimming Pools*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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