Document Detail

Indoor environment and acoustic conditions in two Finnish hospital wards.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18531718     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The aim of this study was to determine the acoustic conditions of two typical Finnish wards. The methods included long-term noise measurements, building acoustical measurements and questionnaires for patients (N=33) and nurses (N=27). The average sound pressure levels were within 49 and 58 dBA in the corridors, office and patient rooms. Personal noise exposure levels among nurses were within 56 and 70 dBA. The noise was mainly caused by people. Ventilation noise level was 28 dBA. Building acoustic measurements showed reasonable agreement with national directions. Indoor environment was not a problem for most patients. Some disturbance from thermal conditions, dry air and noise was experienced. From daytime noise sources, other patients' snore and groans caused annoyance in some patients. Night-time sleep was disturbed most by anxiety, pain, noise, thermal conditions and an uncomfortable bed. Patients were, on average, quite satisfied with the overall room conditions. Nurses were more bothered by environmental factors than patients, giving highest annoyance ratings to thermal conditions, air quality and noise. Noises were experienced to cause some distraction when concentrating to work tasks. Sounds of phones ringing were experienced as particularly detrimental. Lack of privacy was the most obvious problem in both staff and patient evaluations.
Annu Haapakangas; Riikka Helenius; Valtteri O Hongisto
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America     Volume:  123     ISSN:  1520-8524     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Acoust. Soc. Am.     Publication Date:  2008 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-06-05     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503051     Medline TA:  J Acoust Soc Am     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3668     Citation Subset:  IM    
Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Lemminkäisenkatu 14-18 B, 20520 Turku, Finland,
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