Document Detail


Indomethacin for preterm labor: a randomized comparison of vaginal and rectal-oral routes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10725476     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of intravaginal and intrarectal plus oral indomethacin for the treatment of preterm labor. METHODS: Between December 1996 and November 1998, 46 eligible gravidas admitted with singleton pregnancies and idiopathic preterm labor before 33 gestational weeks were randomized to receive 200 mg of intravaginal or intrarectal plus oral indomethacin. RESULTS: Twenty-three subjects were allocated to each study group. The interval from initiation of treatment to delivery was significantly longer in the intravaginal indomethacin group (26.5 +/- 5.7 versus 12.6 +/- 3.7 days; P =.007). Delivery was delayed by more than 7 days in 18 of 23 subjects (78%) in the intravaginal indomethacin group compared with ten (43%) in the intrarectal plus oral indomethacin group (P =.03). Birth weights were significantly higher (2306 +/- 436 versus 1862 +/- 232 g; P =.002) and hospitalization in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) (3.1 +/- 0.8 versus 9.3 +/- 3. 7 days; P =.001) and mechanical ventilation (1.4 +/- 0.2 versus 5.3 +/- 1.6 days; P =.001) were significantly shorter in the intravaginal indomethacin group. CONCLUSION: Intravaginal indomethacin is more effective than intrarectal plus oral application in delaying preterm labor and is associated with higher birth weights, shorter NICU stays, and shorter intervals of mechanical ventilation.
Authors:
Y Abramov; M Nadjari; D Weinstein; I Ben-Shachar; V Plotkin; Y Ezra
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  95     ISSN:  0029-7844     ISO Abbreviation:  Obstet Gynecol     Publication Date:  2000 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-04-27     Completed Date:  2000-04-27     Revised Date:  2009-10-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401101     Medline TA:  Obstet Gynecol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  482-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Center, Ein-Kerem, Jerusalem, Israel.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Administration, Intravaginal
Administration, Oral
Administration, Rectal
Adult
Female
Humans
Indomethacin / administration & dosage*
Obstetric Labor, Premature / prevention & control*
Pregnancy
Tocolytic Agents / administration & dosage*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Tocolytic Agents; 53-86-1/Indomethacin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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