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Individually tailored left ventricular lead placement: lessons from multimodality integration between three-dimensional echocardiography and coronary sinus angiogram.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23388184     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
AIMS: Non-responder rates for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) vary from 11% to 46%. Retrospective data imply a better outcome with stimulation of the latest contracting left ventricular (LV) region. Our study analysed the feasibility, safety and clinical outcome of prospectively planned LV lead placement at the site of latest mechanical activation.METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-eight heart failure patients with CRT indication were assessed by three-dimensional (3D) transoesophageal echocardiography and rotation angiography of the coronary sinus (CS). Both images were merged into a single 3D-model to identify CS target veins close to the site of latest mechanical activation. Subsequently, LV lead deployment was attempted at the desired target position. Patients were clinically and echocardiographically evaluated at baseline, after 3 and 6 months. The area of latest mechanical activation covered 6 ± 2 segments (38 ± 13% of LV surface) and was found lateral in 24 of 37 (65%), anterior in 11 of 37 (30%), inferior in 2 of 37 (5%), and septal in 1 of 37 (3%) patients. In 36 of 37 (97%) patients an appropriate target vein was identified and successful implantation could be performed in 34 of 37 (92%) patients. Among those patients clinical and echocardiographic response was observed in 91% and 81%, respectively.CONCLUSION: Individualized lead placement at the latest contracting LV site can be performed safely and successfully in the majority of patients. Initial clinical outcome data are encouraging. Identification of target sites requires multimodality integration between LV wall motion data and CS anatomy. Future developments need to improve those technologies and require randomized data on clinical outcome parameters.
Michael Döring; Frieder Braunschweig; Charlotte Eitel; Thomas Gaspar; Ulrike Wetzel; Bettina Nitsche; Gerhard Hindricks; Christopher Piorkowski
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-2-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  Europace : European pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac electrophysiology : journal of the working groups on cardiac pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac cellular electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2092     ISO Abbreviation:  Europace     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883649     Medline TA:  Europace     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Electrophysiology, University of Leipzig - Heart Center, Strümpellstrasse 39, 04289 Leipzig, Germany.
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