Document Detail

Individual- versus group-based financial incentives for weight loss: a randomized, controlled trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23546562     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Data on the effectiveness of employer-sponsored financial incentives for employee weight loss are limited.
OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of 2 financial incentive designs for promoting weight loss among obese employees.
DESIGN: Randomized, controlled trial. ( NCT01208350)
SETTING: Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.
PARTICIPANTS: 105 employees with a body mass index between 30 and 40 kg/m2.
INTERVENTION: 24 weeks of monthly weigh-ins (control group; n = 35); individual incentive, designed as $100 per person per month for meeting or exceeding weight-loss goals (n = 35); and group incentive, designed as $500 per month split among participants within groups of 5 who met or exceeded weight-loss goals (n = 35).
MEASUREMENTS: Weight loss after 24 weeks (primary outcome) and 36 weeks and changes in behavioral mediators of weight loss (secondary outcomes).
RESULTS: Group-incentive participants lost more weight than control participants (mean between-group difference, 4.4 kg [95% CI, 2.0 to 6.7 kg]; P < 0.001) and individual-incentive participants (mean between-group difference, 3.2 kg [CI, 0.9 to 5.5 kg]; P = 0.008). Twelve weeks after incentives ended and after adjustment for 3-group comparisons, group-incentive participants maintained greater weight loss than control group participants (mean between-group difference, 2.9 kg [CI, 0.5 to 5.3 kg]; P = 0.016) but not greater than individual-incentive participants (mean between-group difference, 2.7 kg [CI, 0.4 to 5.0 kg]; P = 0.024).
LIMITATION: Single employer and short follow-up.
CONCLUSION: A group-based financial incentive was more effective than an individual incentive and monthly weigh-ins at promoting weight loss among obese employees at 24 weeks.
PRIMARY FUNDING SOURCE: National Institute on Aging.
Jeffrey T Kullgren; Andrea B Troxel; George Loewenstein; David A Asch; Laurie A Norton; Lisa Wesby; Yuanyuan Tao; Jingsan Zhu; Kevin G Volpp
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of internal medicine     Volume:  158     ISSN:  1539-3704     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Intern. Med.     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-04-02     Completed Date:  2013-05-22     Revised Date:  2014-04-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372351     Medline TA:  Ann Intern Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  505-14     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Behavior Therapy
Body Mass Index
Employee Incentive Plans
Group Processes
Health Behavior
Middle Aged
Obesity / economics*,  psychology,  therapy*
Weight Loss*
Grant Support
P30 AG034546/AG/NIA NIH HHS; RC2 AG036592/AG/NIA NIH HHS; RC2103282621/RC/CCR NIH HHS
Comment In:
Ann Intern Med. 2013 Apr 2;158(7):560-1   [PMID:  23546568 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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