Document Detail

Individual, interpersonal, and social-structural correlates of involuntary sex exchange among female sex workers in two Mexico-U.S. border cities.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23614997     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: To investigate individual, interpersonal, and social-structural factors associated with involuntary sex exchange among female sex workers (FSWs) along the Mexico-U.S. border.
METHODS: In 2010 to 2011, 214 FSWs from Tijuana (n = 106) and Ciudad Juarez (n = 108) aged ≥ 18 years who reported lifetime use of heroin, cocaine, crack, or methamphetamine, having a stable partner, and having sold/traded sex in the past month completed quantitative surveys and HIV/sexually transmitted infection testing. Logistic regression was used to identify correlates of involuntary sex exchange among FSWs.
RESULTS: Of 214 FSWs, 31 (14.5%) reported involuntary sex exchange These women were younger at sex industry entry [adjusted odds ratio (AOR): 0.84/1-year increase, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.72 to 0.97] and were significantly more likely to service clients whom they perceived to be HIV/sexually transmitted infection-infected (AOR: 12.41, 95% CI: 3.15 to 48.91). In addition, they were more likely to have clients who used drugs (AOR: 7.88, 95% CI: 1.52 to 41.00), report poor working conditions (AOR: 3.27, 95% CI: 1.03 to 10.31), and report a history of rape (AOR: 4.46, 95% CI: 1.43 to 13.91).
CONCLUSIONS: Involuntary sex exchange is disproportionate among FSWs who begin to exchange sex at a younger age, and these women experience elevated risk of violence and HIV/STIs related to their clients' behaviors and their working conditions. These data suggest the critical need for evidence-based approaches to preventing sexual exploitation of women and girls and to reducing harm among current sex workers. Multilevel interventions for all females who exchange sex and their clients that target interpersonal and social-structural risks (eg, measures to improve safety and reduce exploitation within the workplace) are needed.
Shira M Goldenberg; Gudelia Rangel; Hugo Staines; Alicia Vera; Remedios Lozada; Lucie Nguyen; Jay G Silverman; Steffanie A Strathdee
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)     Volume:  63     ISSN:  1944-7884     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr.     Publication Date:  2013 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-10-21     Completed Date:  2013-11-12     Revised Date:  2014-08-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100892005     Medline TA:  J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  639-46     Citation Subset:  IM; X    
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Interpersonal Relations*
Mexico / epidemiology
Sex Workers*
Sexual Behavior / statistics & numerical data*
Sexually Transmitted Diseases / epidemiology
Substance-Related Disorders / complications*
United States / epidemiology
Grant Support
D43 TW008633/TW/FIC NIH HHS; R01 DA027772/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R01 DA027772/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; //Canadian Institutes of Health Research

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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