Document Detail

Individual differences in smoking: gender and nicotine addiction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11768174     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Understanding individual differences in smoking behavior and nicotine dependence can increase knowledge of smoking dynamics and aid in the development of treatment regimens. Nicotine dependence among smokers is variable, and in some cases, fails to develop even after years of smoking. This variation can influence treatment outcome and presents a challenge to treatment developers. Gender differences are evident sometimes in smoking prevalence, in smoking cessation, and smoking rate. Gender, however, may be a superficial indicator; reasons for smoking, individual reactions to nicotine, and cultural sanctions and role definitions may be more influential. Analyses of individual differences should focus on identifying the underlying processes that control smoking behavior.
S Shiffman; S M Paton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco     Volume:  1 Suppl 2     ISSN:  1462-2203     ISO Abbreviation:  Nicotine Tob. Res.     Publication Date:  1999  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-12-20     Completed Date:  2002-05-22     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9815751     Medline TA:  Nicotine Tob Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S153-7; discussion S165-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Smoking Research Group, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Sex Factors
Smoking / epidemiology,  prevention & control,  psychology*,  therapy
Tobacco Use Disorder / epidemiology,  prevention & control,  psychology*,  therapy
Grant Support

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