Document Detail


Individual differences in response to a stranger: social impulsivity as a dimension of temperament in vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops sabaeus).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11334215     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Social impulsivity in response to a stranger was assessed in male vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops sabaeus) using the Intruder Challenge Test. Vervets (N = 128, ages 3-18 years) were presented with an unfamiliar adult male at the periphery of the home enclosure. An index of impulsivity reflecting variation in the tendency to rapidly approach, engage, and challenge the intruder was derived from factor analysis of behavioral responses. Scale reliability (alpha = .84) and test-retest consistency (intraclass correlation = .83) were high, indicating that this index reliably and efficiently measures a stable aspect of temperament from impulsive to inhibited. Impulsivity scores peaked at age 4, when vervet males typically emigrate from the natal group. The highest ranking males in each group were more likely to score in the moderate range, whereas lower ranking males were more likely to score in the highest (impulsive) or lowest (inhibited) quartiles.
Authors:
L A Fairbanks
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of comparative psychology (Washington, D.C. : 1983)     Volume:  115     ISSN:  0735-7036     ISO Abbreviation:  J Comp Psychol     Publication Date:  2001 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-05-03     Completed Date:  2001-09-13     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8309850     Medline TA:  J Comp Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  22-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Neuropsychiatric Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, 90024, USA. Lfairbanks@mednet.ucla.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aggression / psychology*
Aging / psychology
Analysis of Variance
Animals
Behavior, Animal*
Cercopithecus aethiops / psychology*
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Impulsive Behavior / psychology*
Individuality*
Male
Reproducibility of Results
Social Dominance*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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