Document Detail


Individual differences in mental rotation: what does gesture tell us?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23423638     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Gestures are common when people convey spatial information, for example, when they give directions or describe motion in space. Here, we examine the gestures speakers produce when they explain how they solved mental rotation problems (Shepard and Meltzer in Science 171:701-703, 1971). We asked whether speakers gesture differently while describing their problems as a function of their spatial abilities. We found that low-spatial individuals (as assessed by a standard paper-and-pencil measure) gestured more to explain their solutions than high-spatial individuals. While this finding may seem surprising, finer-grained analyses showed that low-spatial participants used gestures more often than high-spatial participants to convey "static only" information but less often than high-spatial participants to convey dynamic information. Furthermore, the groups differed in the types of gestures used to convey static information: high-spatial individuals were more likely than low-spatial individuals to use gestures that captured the internal structure of the block forms. Our gesture findings thus suggest that encoding block structure may be as important as rotating the blocks in mental spatial transformation.
Authors:
Tilbe Göksun; Susan Goldin-Meadow; Nora Newcombe; Thomas Shipley
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2013-02-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cognitive processing     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1612-4790     ISO Abbreviation:  Cogn Process     Publication Date:  2013 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-04-29     Completed Date:  2013-11-14     Revised Date:  2014-05-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101177984     Medline TA:  Cogn Process     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  153-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Female
Gestures*
Humans
Individuality*
Male
Mental Processes / physiology*
Neuropsychological Tests
Photic Stimulation
Reproducibility of Results
Rotation*
Space Perception / physiology*
Young Adult
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 HD047450/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD47450/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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