Document Detail


Individual differences in infant visual attention: four-month-olds' discrimination and generalization of global and local stimulus properties.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8404264     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Cognitive performance and development is negatively correlated with fixation duration patterns during infancy, and evidence suggests that long-looking infants may process visual information more slowly than short-looking infants. 3 experiments described here tested the possibility that these differences may be due to differential sensitivity to global and local visual information. Infants were administered discrimination and generalization tasks involving global and local information at varying levels of familiarization time. Results indicated that 4-month-olds process visual information in a global-to-local sequence. Both long- and short-looking infants were sensitive to both types of information, although long lookers required additional familiarization time to match the performance of short lookers. Finally, apparent "generalization" of global information at brief familiarization levels was traced to insensitivity to local stimulus properties. The results do not support the hypothesis that long- and short-looking infants are differentially sensitive to global versus local visual information at 4 months of age.
Authors:
L J Freeseman; J Colombo; J T Coldren
Related Documents :
17386944 - Facing the perfect contingency: interactions with the self at 2 and 3 months.
24488664 - Stomach infarction in an ex-premature infant.
23488544 - Professional support and emergency visits during the first 2 weeks postpartum.
4055294 - Monocular acuity and stereopsis in infantile esotropia.
21600804 - Human papillomavirus in infants: transmission, prevalence, and persistence.
15359324 - A prospective study to investigate the relationship between periodontal disease and adv...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Child development     Volume:  64     ISSN:  0009-3920     ISO Abbreviation:  Child Dev     Publication Date:  1993 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-10-28     Completed Date:  1993-10-28     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372725     Medline TA:  Child Dev     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1191-203     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Human Development, Dole Human Development Center, University of Kansas, Lawrence 66045-2133.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Attention*
Child Psychology*
Discrimination Learning*
Female
Generalization, Stimulus*
Humans
Individuality*
Infant
Male
Mental Recall
Orientation
Pattern Recognition, Visual*
Reaction Time
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
MH43261-01/MH/NIMH NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Commentary: development of perception-action systems and general principles of pattern formation.
Next Document:  Increasing steps in recall of events: factors facilitating immediate and long-term memory in 13.5- a...