Document Detail

Individual differences in adoption of treatment for smoking cessation: demographic and smoking history characteristics.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17996399     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Behavioral and pharmacological treatments have been shown to improve smoking cessation rates, but treatments are under-utilized. AIMS: To examine the demographic and smoking history characteristics associated with adoption of treatment for cessation. DESIGN: Analysis of the 2003 tobacco use special cessation supplement to the current population survey. PARTICIPANTS: Representative sample of 12,027 U.S. daily smokers ages 18 and older who made a quit attempt in the past year. MEASUREMENTS: Use of behavioral, pharmacological or alternative treatments for cessation; demographic variables (age, gender, ethnicity, education and income) and measures of nicotine dependence. RESULTS: Females, Whites, older, more educated and wealthier smokers were more likely to adopt treatment in a quit attempt, as were more nicotine dependent smokers. Females were more likely than males to use behavioral treatments. Females and more educated smokers were more likely to combine behavioral and pharmacological treatment. Among those who used only one treatment, males, older and more nicotine dependent smokers were more likely to adopt pharmacological treatments. CONCLUSIONS: The majority of smokers make quit attempts without the benefit of proven behavioral or pharmacological treatments. Efforts are needed to increase use of smoking cessation treatments among all smokers, particularly combination treatment.
Saul Shiffman; Sarah E Brockwell; Janine L Pillitteri; Joseph G Gitchell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2007-11-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  Drug and alcohol dependence     Volume:  93     ISSN:  0376-8716     ISO Abbreviation:  Drug Alcohol Depend     Publication Date:  2008 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-12-17     Completed Date:  2008-04-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7513587     Medline TA:  Drug Alcohol Depend     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  121-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Pinney Associates, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Attitude to Health*
Cognitive Therapy
Drug Therapy / statistics & numerical data
Health Behavior*
Middle Aged
Patient Acceptance of Health Care / statistics & numerical data*
Smoking / epidemiology*,  therapy*
Smoking Cessation / statistics & numerical data*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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