Document Detail

Individual difference variables in close relationships: a contextual model of marriage as an integrative framework.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3367287     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We examined and refined a contextual model of marriage (Bradbury & Fincham, 1987) in order to organize the associations between individual difference variables and satisfaction in close relationships. Seventy-eight spouses were administered instruments assessing marital satisfaction and individual differences in femininity, masculinity, dysfunctional relationship beliefs, and causal and responsibility attributions for marital difficulties. As predicted, higher levels of satisfaction were related to femininity and to partner's femininity, and lower levels of satisfaction were related to dysfunctional beliefs and less benign attributions. More important, two competing hypotheses relating to the contextual model were tested. A model in which the transitory, or proximal, context (e.g., responsibility attributions for specific relationship events) mediates the relation between the stable, or distal, context (e.g., general beliefs about relationships) and satisfaction was refuted. Support was obtained, however, for a model in which proximal and distal variables both account for unique variance in marital satisfaction. The usefulness of distinguishing between transitory and stable variables and the implications of the contextual model for organizing research on close relationships are discussed.
T N Bradbury; F D Fincham
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of personality and social psychology     Volume:  54     ISSN:  0022-3514     ISO Abbreviation:  J Pers Soc Psychol     Publication Date:  1988 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-06-13     Completed Date:  1988-06-13     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0014171     Medline TA:  J Pers Soc Psychol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  713-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign 61820.
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MeSH Terms
Gender Identity
Internal-External Control
Models, Psychological
Personal Satisfaction
Grant Support
1-5-32169//PHS HHS

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