Document Detail

Individual differences in the development of self-regulation during pre-adolescence: connections to context and adjustment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22865096     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Difficulties with self-regulation are implicated in the development of emotional and behavioral problems during adolescence. Although children's ability to regulate their behaviors continues to improve throughout childhood and adolescence, it remains unclear how contextual risk factors might influence this development during the transition to adolescence, or how variation in the development of self-regulation predicts adjustment. Using a community sample of 214 8-12 year-olds (T1 M = 9.5, SD = 1.01), we examined growth trajectories of effortful control and impulsivity over three years and tested predictors and outcomes of these trajectories. Although predictors of initial levels of self-regulation were largely equivalent for both effortful control and impulsivity, contextual risk factors were related to variations in the development of impulsivity but not effortful control. However, increases in effortful control, but not impulsivity, were associated with level and rate of change in adjustment problems and positive adjustment, suggesting that different dimensions of self-regulation have different antecedents and outcomes in pre-adolescence and adolescence.
Kevin M King; Liliana J Lengua; Kathryn C Monahan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of abnormal child psychology     Volume:  41     ISSN:  1573-2835     ISO Abbreviation:  J Abnorm Child Psychol     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-09     Completed Date:  2013-02-27     Revised Date:  2014-01-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0364547     Medline TA:  J Abnorm Child Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  57-69     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Child Development*
Impulse Control Disorders / psychology
Impulsive Behavior / psychology*
Longitudinal Studies
Risk Factors
Social Adjustment
Social Control, Informal*
Grant Support

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