Document Detail

Individual differences in circadian waveform of Siberian hamsters under multiple lighting conditions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23010663     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Because the circadian clock in the mammalian brain derives from a network of interacting cellular oscillators, characterizing the nature and bases of circadian coupling is fundamental to understanding how the pacemaker operates. Various phenomena involving plasticity in circadian waveform have been theorized to reflect changes in oscillator coupling; however, it remains unclear whether these different behavioral paradigms reference a unitary underlying process. To test whether disparate coupling assays index a common mechanism, we examined whether there is covariation among behavioral responses to various lighting conditions that produce changes in circadian waveform. Siberian hamsters, Phodopus sungorus, were transferred from long to short photoperiods to distinguish short photoperiod responders (SP-R) from nonresponders (SP-NR). Short photoperiod chronotyped hamsters were subsequently transferred, along with unselected controls, to 24-h light:dark:light: dark cycles (LDLD) with dim nighttime illumination, a procedure that induces bifurcated entrainment. Under LDLD, SP-R hamsters were more likely to bifurcate their rhythms than were SP-NR hamsters or unselected controls. After transfer from LDLD to constant dim light, SP-R hamsters were also more likely to become arrhythmic compared to SP-NR hamsters and unselected controls. In contrast, short photoperiod chronotype did not influence more transient changes in circadian waveform. The present data reveal a clear relationship in the plasticity of circadian waveform across 3 distinct lighting conditions, suggesting a common mechanism wherein individual differences reflect variation in circadian coupling.
Jennifer A Evans; Jeffrey A Elliott; Michael R Gorman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biological rhythms     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1552-4531     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Biol. Rhythms     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-26     Completed Date:  2013-02-19     Revised Date:  2013-10-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8700115     Medline TA:  J Biol Rhythms     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  410-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Circadian Rhythm / physiology*
Lighting / methods
Motor Activity
Photic Stimulation* / methods
Grant Support

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