Document Detail


Indices of pulmonary oxygenation in pathological lung states: an investigation using high-fidelity, computational modelling.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19541678     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Existing indices of pulmonary oxygenation vary misleadingly with external factors such as inspired oxygen fraction (FI(O2)), arterial carbon dioxide tension (PaCO2), and haemoglobin (Hb). Previous work suggested that some indices may be acceptably useful in particular scenarios such as acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) or where FI(O2)>60%. However, it is not possible to identify such scenarios in most clinical contexts; therefore we aimed to examine the induced variability of existing indices in a population of patients with a variety of lung defects. METHODS: We configured nine virtual patients within the Nottingham Physiology Simulator, each with a unique pulmonary configuration but identical arterial blood gases at FI(O2) 30%, PaCO2 6.0 kPa and Hb 8.0 g dl(-1). Factors (FI(O2), P(CO2), Hb) were varied independently and indices of oxygenation including calculated venous admixture (Qs/Qt), arterial oxygen tension (PaO2/FI(O2)), arterio-alveolar gas tension gradient (PA-aO2), and respiratory index (PA-aO2/PaO2) were recorded. RESULTS: All indices varied with FI(O2), with greatest variation with lung defects having least true (absolute) shunt. Calculated Qs/Qt resisted induced variation best of all the indices, but varied by 30% of its mean value during FI(O2) variation. PaO2/FI(O2) varied greatly, especially during variation in FI(O2) (up to 74% of its average value), and most markedly in defects with little true (absolute) shunt. PaCO2 and Hb variation caused small, consistent changes in all indices that were similar between lung-states. CONCLUSIONS: No existing index of oxygenation adequately describes the severity of gas exchange defect. Existing indices of oxygenation vary with disease severity, disease type, and external factors such as FI(O2). A novel and robust index is needed.
Authors:
A Kathirgamanathan; R A McCahon; J G Hardman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-06-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of anaesthesia     Volume:  103     ISSN:  1471-6771     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Anaesth     Publication Date:  2009 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-07-14     Completed Date:  2009-08-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372541     Medline TA:  Br J Anaesth     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  291-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University Department of Anaesthesia, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Carbon Dioxide / blood
Computer Simulation
Hemoglobins / metabolism
Humans
Models, Biological*
Oxygen / blood
Oxygen Consumption / physiology*
Partial Pressure
Pulmonary Gas Exchange / physiology
Respiration
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult / blood,  physiopathology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Hemoglobins; 124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide; 7782-44-7/Oxygen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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