Document Detail

Indicators of activity-friendly communities: an evidence-based consensus process.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17169714     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity, even at modest intensities, is associated with many health benefits. Most Americans, however, do not engage in the recommended levels. As practitioners seek ways to increase population rates of physical activity, interventions and advocacy efforts are being targeted to the community level. Yet, advocates, community leaders, and researchers lack the tools needed to assess local barriers to and opportunities for more active, healthy lifestyles. Investigators used a systematic review process to identify key indicators of activity-friendly communities that can assess and improve opportunities for regular physical activity. METHODS: Investigators conducted a comprehensive literature review of both peer-reviewed literature and fugitive information (e.g., reports and websites) to generate an initial list of indicators for review (n=230). The review included a three-tiered, modified Delphi consensus-development process that incorporated input of international, national, state, and local researchers and practitioners from academic institutions, federal and state government agencies, nonprofit organizations, and funding agencies in public health, transportation, urban planning, parks and recreation, and public policy. RESULTS: Ten promising indicators of activity-friendly communities were identified: land use environment, access to exercise facilities, transportation environment, aesthetics, travel patterns, social environment, land use economics, transportation economics, institutional and organizational policies, and promotion. CONCLUSIONS: Collaborative, multidisciplinary approaches are underway to test, refine, and expand this initial list of indicators and to develop measures that communities, community leaders, and policymakers can use to design more activity-friendly community environments.
Laura K Brennan Ramirez; Christine M Hoehner; Ross C Brownson; Rebeka Cook; C Tracy Orleans; Marla Hollander; Dianne C Barker; Philip Bors; Reid Ewing; Richard Killingsworth; Karen Petersmarck; Thomas Schmid; William Wilkinson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of preventive medicine     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0749-3797     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Prev Med     Publication Date:  2006 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-12-15     Completed Date:  2007-02-27     Revised Date:  2007-12-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8704773     Medline TA:  Am J Prev Med     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  515-24     Citation Subset:  IM    
Transtria LLC, St. Louis, Missouri 63139, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Delphi Technique*
Health Behavior*
Motor Activity*
Population Density
Residence Characteristics*
Social Environment*
Grant Support
U48/CCU710806//PHS HHS
Comment In:
Am J Prev Med. 2006 Dec;31(6):530-2   [PMID:  17169716 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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