Document Detail


The Indian Ocean experiment: widespread air pollution from South and Southeast Asia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11161214     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The Indian Ocean Experiment (INDOEX) was an international, multiplatform field campaign to measure long-range transport of air pollution from South and Southeast Asia toward the Indian Ocean during the dry monsoon season in January to March 1999. Surprisingly high pollution levels were observed over the entire northern Indian Ocean toward the Intertropical Convergence Zone at about 6 degrees S. We show that agricultural burning and especially biofuel use enhance carbon monoxide concentrations. Fossil fuel combustion and biomass burning cause a high aerosol loading. The growing pollution in this region gives rise to extensive air quality degradation with local, regional, and global implications, including a reduction of the oxidizing power of the atmosphere.
Authors:
J Lelieveld; P J Crutzen; V Ramanathan; M O Andreae; C M Brenninkmeijer; T Campos; G R Cass; R R Dickerson; H Fischer; J A de Gouw; A Hansel; A Jefferson; D Kley; A T de Laat; S Lal; M G Lawrence; J M Lobert; O L Mayol-Bracero; A P Mitra; T Novakov; S J Oltmans; K A Prather; T Reiner; H Rodhe; H A Scheeren; D Sikka; J Williams
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Science (New York, N.Y.)     Volume:  291     ISSN:  0036-8075     ISO Abbreviation:  Science     Publication Date:  2001 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-02-22     Completed Date:  2001-03-22     Revised Date:  2007-03-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404511     Medline TA:  Science     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1031-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Max-Planck-Institute for Chemistry, Post Office Box 3060, D-55020 Mainz, Germany. lelieveld@mpch-mainz.mpg.de
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aerosols
Agriculture
Air Pollution*
Asia
Asia, Southeastern
Atmosphere
Biomass
Carbon
Carbon Monoxide
Fossil Fuels
Industrial Waste
Nitrogen Oxides
Oceans and Seas
Ozone
Particulate Matter
Seasons
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Aerosols; 0/Fossil Fuels; 0/Industrial Waste; 0/Nitrogen Oxides; 0/Particulate Matter; 10028-15-6/Ozone; 630-08-0/Carbon Monoxide; 68131-74-8/fly ash; 7440-44-0/Carbon

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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