Document Detail


India is on the way forward to maternal and neonatal tetanus elimination!
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22854674     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Tetanus is an acute, potentially fatal disease, caused by a bacterium, Clostridium tetani. The disease usually occurs in newborns through infection of the unhealed umbilical stump, particularly when the stump is cut with a non-sterile instrument. NT contributes to 5-7% of neonatal mortality worldwide. Several thousand mothers are also estimated to die annually of maternal tetanus. MNT elimination relies on promotion of maternal tetanus immunization along with safe delivery and avoidance of unsafe abortion and umbilical cord care practices. The Government of India (1983) introduced at least two doses of tetanus toxoid vaccine (TT) to all pregnant women during each pregnancy as a part of its nationwide immunization policy. To date, a total of 15 States including union territories of the India have achieved NT elimination. The remaining Indian States need to strengthen TT coverage to save the lives of neonates as well as mothers from tetanus.
Authors:
Mohan Bairwa; Shashikantha Sk; Meena Rajput; Pardeep Khanna; Jagbir Singh Malik; Mukesh Nagar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-08-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Human vaccines & immunotherapeutics     Volume:  8     ISSN:  2164-554X     ISO Abbreviation:  Hum Vaccin Immunother     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-11     Completed Date:  2013-05-15     Revised Date:  2013-08-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101572652     Medline TA:  Hum Vaccin Immunother     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1129-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
PGIMS, Community Medicine, PGIMS, Medical Mod, Rohtak, Haryana 124001, India. drmohanbairwa@gmail.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Disease Eradication*
Female
Health Policy
Humans
Immunization Programs
India
Pregnancy
Tetanus / epidemiology*,  prevention & control*
Tetanus Toxoid / administration & dosage*
Vaccination / methods*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Tetanus Toxoid
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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