Document Detail

Independent static balance training contributes to increased stability and functional capacity in community dwelling elderly people: a randomized controlled trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21402649     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of independently conducted static balance exercises within a fall-safe environment in elderly participants engaging in independent training. Design: Randomized two-group parallel controlled study. Setting: Retirement center, community dwelling. Subjects: Subjects, 25 male and female volunteers (aged 82.6 ± 6.1 years; weight 69.9 ± 97 kg; height 165 ± 6.9 cm; body mass index (BMI) 25.6 ± 2.6) residing in independent living facilities were randomly assigned to an experimental group or a control group. Intervention: The experimental group engaged in standing, static balancing, and mild leg exercise 12 minutes per session, three times per week for 12 weeks. Exercises were done independent of spotters within a rigid frame consisting of tethers connected to the subject so that he or she could not fall. The control group were given literature on prevention of falls. Main outcome measures: Functional ability and balance was assessed using the following tests: 30-second chair stand test, 8-foot up and go test, Berg Balance Scale, and a step-up test. Results: Comparison by repeated-measures ANOVA of the performance before and after the 12-week intervention yielded significant (P < 0.01) improvement for the experimental group over the control group in the 30-second chair test repetitions, in the 8-foot up and go test, in the balance assessment and in the leg function assessments. Conclusion: Standing, static balance exercises conducted independently without safety supervision led to improvements in balance, functional ability, and leg functioning in frail elderly people.
Bert H Jacobson; Brennan Thompson; Tia Wallace; Lynn Brown; Christina Rial
Related Documents :
21070639 - Design of the quality of life in motion (qlim) study: a randomized controlled trial to ...
7348519 - Circannual rhythms of physical fitness and tolerance of hypoxic hypoxia.
19005359 - Physical activity recommendations for children and adolescents with chronic disease.
9131859 - Does physical fitness influence intraocular pressure?
9622029 - Plasma proenkephalin peptide f and human b cell responses to exercise stress in fit and...
9551129 - Use of physiological criteria for improving physical work conditions.
3588079 - Characterization of recumbent, ambulatory, and postexercise proteinuria in the adolescent.
11160049 - Performance of near-infrared spectroscopy in measuring local o(2) consumption and blood...
6810429 - Evidence in man for a fast neural mechanism during the early phase of exercise hyperpnea.
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical rehabilitation     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1477-0873     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8802181     Medline TA:  Clin Rehabil     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Health and Human Performance, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Comparison of the responsiveness of the Care Dependency Scale for Rehabilitation and the Barthel Ind...
Next Document:  A pilot study on the effect of Basic Body Awareness Therapy in patients with eating disorders: a ran...