Document Detail


Independent static balance training contributes to increased stability and functional capacity in community dwelling elderly people: a randomized controlled trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21402649     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of independently conducted static balance exercises within a fall-safe environment in elderly participants engaging in independent training. Design: Randomized two-group parallel controlled study. Setting: Retirement center, community dwelling. Subjects: Subjects, 25 male and female volunteers (aged 82.6 ± 6.1 years; weight 69.9 ± 97 kg; height 165 ± 6.9 cm; body mass index (BMI) 25.6 ± 2.6) residing in independent living facilities were randomly assigned to an experimental group or a control group. Intervention: The experimental group engaged in standing, static balancing, and mild leg exercise 12 minutes per session, three times per week for 12 weeks. Exercises were done independent of spotters within a rigid frame consisting of tethers connected to the subject so that he or she could not fall. The control group were given literature on prevention of falls. Main outcome measures: Functional ability and balance was assessed using the following tests: 30-second chair stand test, 8-foot up and go test, Berg Balance Scale, and a step-up test. Results: Comparison by repeated-measures ANOVA of the performance before and after the 12-week intervention yielded significant (P < 0.01) improvement for the experimental group over the control group in the 30-second chair test repetitions, in the 8-foot up and go test, in the balance assessment and in the leg function assessments. Conclusion: Standing, static balance exercises conducted independently without safety supervision led to improvements in balance, functional ability, and leg functioning in frail elderly people.
Authors:
Bert H Jacobson; Brennan Thompson; Tia Wallace; Lynn Brown; Christina Rial
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical rehabilitation     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1477-0873     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8802181     Medline TA:  Clin Rehabil     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Health and Human Performance, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma, USA.
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