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Independent and Joint Associations of Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Muscle Fitness with Metabolic Syndrome in Korean Men.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21438713     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract Background: Higher cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and muscle fitness (MF) attenuate metabolic syndrome prevalence in men. However, associations of CRF and MF with metabolic syndrome were poorly understood in South Korean men. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the independent and joint associations of CRF and MF on metabolic syndrome prevalence in Korean men. Methods: Korean men (n=1,097, mean age=44 years) were recruited from the central areas of South Korea for this Preventive Health Study (PHS) between May, 2007, and October, 2008, and they underwent a health examination, maximal treadmill test, and five different muscle fitness tests for this study. Results: From our data, separate age- and current smoking-adjusted logistic regression models revealed a graded inverse association of metabolic syndrome prevalence with CRF (P<0.0001) and MF (P<0.0001). The association of MF with metabolic syndrome remained significant and became attenuated with further adjustment, for CRF (P=0.02). However, the association of CRF with metabolic syndrome remained unchanged when adjusted for MF (P<0.0001). In the joint analysis using the low-strength and CRF unfit group as the baseline, the odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for having metabolic syndrome were 0.52 (0.26-1.05) for the high-strength and CRF unfit group, 0.39 (0.24-0.65) for the low-strength and CRF fit group, and 0.28 (0.17-0.46) for the high-strength and CRF fit group. Conclusions: Both cardiorespiratory fitness and muscle fitness showed independent and joint inverse associations with metabolic syndrome prevalence in Korean adult men.
Jongkyu Kim; Namju Lee; Seung Ho Jung; Eung-Joon Kim; Hyun-Chul Cho
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Metabolic syndrome and related disorders     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1557-8518     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101150318     Medline TA:  Metab Syndr Relat Disord     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
1 Sports Science Institute, Korea National Sport University , Seoul, Republic of Korea .
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