Document Detail


Independence of concurrent responding maintained by interval schedules of reinforcement.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  13877308     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A pigeon's responses were reinforced on a variable-interval schedule on one key; and, concurrently, either a multiple or a fixed-interval schedule of reinforcement was in effect on a second key. These concurrent schedules, conc VI 3 (mult VI 3 EXT) or conc VI 3 FI 6, were programmed with or without a changeover delay (COD). Because the COD provided that responses on one key could not be followed by reinforced responses on the other key, responding on one key was not likely to accidentally come under the control of the reinforcement schedule on the other. When the COD was used, the performances on each key were comparable to the performances maintained when these interval schedules are programmed separately. The VI schedule maintained a relatively constant rate of responding, even though the rate of responding on the second key varied in a manner appropriate to the schedule on the second key. The mult VI 3 EXT schedule maintained two separate rates of responding: a relatively high rate during the VI 3 component, and almost no responding during the EXT component. The FI schedule maintained the gradually increasing rate of responding within each interval that is characteristic of the performance maintained by this schedule. The concurrent performances, however, did include certain interactions involving the local characteristics of responding and the over-all rates of responding maintained by the various schedules. The relevance of the present findings to an inter-response time analysis of VI responding, a chaining account of FI responding, and the concept of the reflex reserve was discussed.
Authors:
A C CATANIA
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the experimental analysis of behavior     Volume:  5     ISSN:  0022-5002     ISO Abbreviation:  J Exp Anal Behav     Publication Date:  1962 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1962-12-01     Completed Date:  1998-11-01     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0203727     Medline TA:  J Exp Anal Behav     Country:  Not Available    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  175-84     Citation Subset:  OM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Learning*
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