Document Detail


Increasing the use of meatless meals: a nutrition intervention substudy in the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial (MRFIT).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3519738     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Forty-seven participants from six MRFIT clinical centers were involved in a 3-month intensive dietary intervention program to determine the feasibility of increasing the use of meatless meals. The substudy was conducted late in the trial, and many dietary changes had already been made. The purpose, therefore, was to initiate ways to continue the maintenance of achieved serum cholesterol reductions and possibly effect additional decreases. The program consisted of an introductory session and three follow-up visits. Preplanning, contracting, self-monitoring, regular follow-up, and homemaker involvement were among techniques used to help participants incorporate meatless meals into routine dietary practices. Data collection included scores from a knowledge test administered at the introductory and final visits, number of meatless meals consumed per week as contracted at the first three visits and as reported at the last three visits, and serum cholesterol and weight determinations made at each visit. Knowledge related to meatless meal concepts, such as complementary proteins, appeared to improve as the majority of substudy participants scored higher on the post-test than on the pretest. Over the substudy duration, the mean number of contracted and reported weekly meatless meals in addition to breakfast was approximately four and five, respectively. Mean serum cholesterol drop was 2.6%, and mean weight loss was about 3 lb over the 3-month period. The approach was one of the intervention techniques used to maintain serum cholesterol reductions on a long-term basis, which has not been achieved in any other clinical trial with similar objectives. The described meatless meals program may prove useful to dietetic practitioners who counsel individuals in fat-modified food patterns.
Authors:
J Daniel-Gentry; T A Dolecek; A W Caggiula; L V Van Horn; L Epley; B L Randall
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Dietetic Association     Volume:  86     ISSN:  0002-8223     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Diet Assoc     Publication Date:  1986 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-07-09     Completed Date:  1986-07-09     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503061     Medline TA:  J Am Diet Assoc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  778-81     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Blood Pressure
Body Weight
Cholesterol / blood
Clinical Trials as Topic
Coronary Disease / prevention & control*
Data Collection
Diet*
Food Habits*
Humans
Male
Meat*
Middle Aged
Random Allocation
Risk
Smoking
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
N01-HV-22971/HV/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
57-88-5/Cholesterol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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