Document Detail

Increasing duration of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest is associated with an increased incidence of postoperative electroencephalographic seizures.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16256779     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Electroencephalographic seizures have been shown to occur in 5% to 20% of neonates and infants after biventricular repair of a variety of cardiac defects. Occurrence of a seizure is a predictor of adverse long-term neurodevelopmental sequelae. The contemporary incidence of postoperative seizures after repair of cardiac defects such as hypoplastic left heart syndrome and other forms of single ventricle is not known.
METHODS: A prospective study of 178 patients less than 6 months of age undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass with or without deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) was conducted at a single institution from September 2001 through March 2003 to identify postoperative seizures assessed by 48-hour continuous video electroencephalographic monitoring.
RESULTS: Cardiac defects included transposition of the great arteries with or without a ventricular septal defect (n = 12), ventricular septal defect with or without coarctation (n = 28), tetralogy of Fallot (n = 24), hypoplastic left heart syndrome or variant (n = 60), other functional single ventricle (n = 14), and other defects suitable for biventricular repair (n = 40). Median age at the time of the operation was 7 days (range, 1-188 days) and was 30 days or less in 110 (62%) patients. DHCA was used in 117 (66%) patients, with multiple episodes in 9 patients. Median total duration of DHCA was 40 minutes (range, 1-90 minutes). Electroencephalographic seizures were identified in 20 (11.2%) patients. Seizures occurred in 15 (14%) of 110 neonates and 5 (7%) of 68 older infants. Seizures occurred in 1 (4%) of 24 patients with tetralogy of Fallot, 1 (8%) of 12 with transposition of the great arteries, and 11 (18%) of 60 with hypoplastic left heart syndrome or variant. By stepwise logistic regression analysis, once increasing duration of total DHCA (P = .001) was considered, no other variable improved prediction of occurrence of a seizure. Patients with DHCA duration of more than 40 minutes had an increased incidence of seizures (14/58 [24.1%]) compared with those with a DHCA duration of 40 minutes or less (4/59 [6.8%], P = .04). The incidence of seizures for patients with a DHCA duration of 40 minutes or less was not significantly different from those in whom DHCA was not used (2/61 [3.3%], P = .38).
CONCLUSIONS: In the current era, continuous electroencephalographic monitoring demonstrates early postoperative seizures in 11.2% of a heterogeneous cohort of neonates and infants with complex congenital heart defects. Increasing duration of DHCA was identified as a predictor of seizures. However, the incidence of seizures in children with limited duration of DHCA was similar to that in infants undergoing continuous cardiopulmonary bypass alone.
J William Gaynor; Susan C Nicolson; Gail P Jarvik; Gil Wernovsky; Lisa M Montenegro; Nancy B Burnham; Diane M Hartman; Andy Louie; Thomas L Spray; Robert R Clancy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.     Date:  2005-10-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery     Volume:  130     ISSN:  1097-685X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.     Publication Date:  2005 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-10-31     Completed Date:  2005-12-29     Revised Date:  2014-09-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376343     Medline TA:  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1278-86     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Cardiopulmonary Bypass / adverse effects*
Child, Preschool
Circulatory Arrest, Deep Hypothermia Induced / adverse effects*
Infant, Newborn
Prospective Studies
Seizures / diagnosis,  epidemiology*,  etiology*
Time Factors
Grant Support
Comment In:
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2005 Nov;130(5):1236   [PMID:  16256773 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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