Document Detail


Increased vitamin A intake in children aged 2-5 years through targeted home-gardens in a rural South African community.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12001973     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: To determine vitamin A intake of children aged 2-5 years in a rural South African community one year after the implementation of a home-based food production programme targeting beta-carotene-rich fruits and vegetables. DESIGN: Dietary intake of children aged 2-5 years was determined during a cross-sectional survey before and one year after the implementation of a home-based food production programme. SETTING: A low socio-economic rural African community, approximately 60 km northwest of the coastal city of Durban in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. SUBJECTS: Children aged 2-5 years (n = 100); 50 children from households with home-gardens producing beta-carotene fruits and vegetables (project gardens), and 50 children from households without project gardens. RESULTS: As compared with baseline data, there was a significant increase in vitamin A intake in children from households with project gardens as well as in children from households without project gardens. However, children from households with project gardens had a significantly higher vitamin A intake than children from households without project gardens. The increased vitamin A intake in those children from households without project gardens can be attributed to the availability of butternuts in the local shop (as a result of the project), and because the mothers negotiated with project garden mothers to obtain these fruits and vegetables for their children. CONCLUSION: A home-based food production programme targeting beta-carotene-rich fruits and vegetables can lead to an increase in vitamin A intake.
Authors:
Mieke Faber; Sonja L Venter; A J Spinnler Benadé
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health nutrition     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1368-9800     ISO Abbreviation:  Public Health Nutr     Publication Date:  2002 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-05-10     Completed Date:  2002-10-29     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808463     Medline TA:  Public Health Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  11-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Nutritional Intervention Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, South Africa. mieke.faber@mrc.ac.za
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Agriculture
Child Nutrition Disorders / prevention & control
Child Nutrition Sciences / education*
Child, Preschool
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Fruit*
Humans
Male
Poverty
Rural Health
Rural Population
South Africa
Vegetables*
Vitamin A / administration & dosage*
beta Carotene / administration & dosage*,  metabolism
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
11103-57-4/Vitamin A; 7235-40-7/beta Carotene

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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