Document Detail

Increased vascular density is a persistent feature of airway remodeling in a sheep model of chronic asthma.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22734813     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
ABSTRACT Background: Increases in blood vessel density and vascular area are now recognized as important features of remodeled airways in asthma. However, the time sequence for these vascular changes and whether they resolve in the absence of continued antigenic exposure is not well elucidated. The aim of the present study was to correlate progressive changes in airway vascularity with changes in functional airway responses in sheep chronically challenged with house dust mite (HDM) allergen, and to examine the resolution of vascular remodeling following allergen withdrawal. Methods: Progressive changes in vascular indices were examined in four spatially separate lung segments that received weekly challenges with HDM allergen for 0, 8, 16, or 24 weeks. Reversibility of these changes was assessed in a separate experiment in which two lung segments received 24 weeks of HDM challenges and either no rest or 12 weeks rest. Lung tissue was collected from each segment 7 days following the final challenge and vascular changes assessed by a morphometric analysis of airways immunohistochemically stained with an antibody against type IV collagen. Results: Blood vessel density and percent airway vascularity were significantly increased in bronchi following 24 weeks of HDM challenges compared to untreated controls (P < .05), but not at any of the other time-points. There was no significant correlation between vascular indices and airway responses to allergic or nonspecific stimuli. The increase in blood vessel density induced by repeated allergen exposures did not return to baseline levels following a 12-week withdrawal period from allergen. Conclusions: Our results show for the first time that the airways of sheep chronically exposed to HDM allergen undergo vascular remodeling. These findings show the potential of this large animal model for investigating airway angiogenesis in asthma.
Joanne Van der Velden; Donna Barker; Garry Barcham; Emmanuel Koumoundouros; Kenneth Snibson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental lung research     Volume:  38     ISSN:  1521-0499     ISO Abbreviation:  Exp. Lung Res.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-06-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8004944     Medline TA:  Exp Lung Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  307-15     Citation Subset:  IM    
1Department of Veterinary Science, Centre for Animal Biotechnology, University of Melbourne , Parkville , Australia.
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