Document Detail


Increased susceptibility to lung dysfunction in female smokers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2048804     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The interaction between sex and smoking habits on pulmonary function was examined among 1,149 adults 25 to 59 yr of age in a rural community in Saskatchewan. Pulmonary function tests included FVC, FEV1, maximal midexpiratory flow rate (MMFR), the slope of phase III of the single-breath nitrogen test (delta N2/L), and closing volume as a percent of vital capacity (CV/VC). The data show that after fixing the effects of age, height, and weight by analysis of covariance, the adjusted means of delta N2/L in nonsmokers, ex-smokers, and current smokers were 0.92, 1.10, and 1.60% in women and 0.97, 1.05, and 1.23% in men, respectively. The difference in the adjusted means for delta N2/L between smokers and nonsmokers was larger in women than in men, 0.67% versus 0.26%, respectively. Multiple multivariate analyses show that the regression slopes for the residuals of FEV1, MMFR, and delta N2/L versus pack-years were significantly different between men and women. The regressions of FEV1 and MMFR decreased and the regression of delta N2/L increased with increasing pack-years more rapidly in women than in men. The combined effect of sex and pack-years on pulmonary function was not significant for ex-smokers. These data suggest that cigarette smoking may be more detrimental in its effects on lung function in women than in men.
Authors:
Y Chen; S L Horne; J A Dosman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American review of respiratory disease     Volume:  143     ISSN:  0003-0805     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. Rev. Respir. Dis.     Publication Date:  1991 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-07-12     Completed Date:  1991-07-12     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370523     Medline TA:  Am Rev Respir Dis     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1224-30     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Centre for Agricultural Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Cross-Sectional Studies
Disease Susceptibility
Female
Humans
Lung Diseases / etiology*
Male
Middle Aged
Regression Analysis
Respiratory Function Tests
Sex Characteristics*
Smoking / adverse effects*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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