Document Detail


Increased pulmonary microvasuclar permeability induced by alpha-naphthylthiourea.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6807946     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effects of alpha-naphthylthiourea (ANTU) on lung microvascular permeability to plasma proteins were studied in anesthetized open-chest dogs. Lymph flow (Jv) was recorded, and total protein in plasma and lymph was analyzed after cannulating a small prenodal lung lymphatic. The protocol involved four experimental periods. Period 1. During this base-line period the preparation stabilized and steady states were reached in Jv, lymph total protein, pulmonary arterial pressure (Ppa), and left atrial pressure (Pla). Period 2. Pla was increased to approximately 20 cmH2O and maintained at that level until Jv and protein measurements attained a new steady state. Period 3. After Pla was lowered to control levels, ANTU (5 mg/kg body wt) was infused intravenously and parameters were measured for 3 h. Period 4 Pla was again raised to the pre-ANTU levels of period 2 and maintained for an additional 2-3 h. The lymphatic total protein clearance increased 8.6-fold for an equivalent increase in pulmonary capillary pressure after ANTU. Vascular permeability was assessed by estimating the osmotic reflection coefficient (sigma d) for total protein at the pulmonary capillary membrane. Sigma d decreased from 0.65 to 0.40 following ANTU. From plasma protein fractions in four experiments, equivalent pore radii for the capillary membrane of 95 and 280 A were calculated after ANTU compared with 80 and 200 A for normal lung capillaries. In addition, extravascular lung water increased from 3.8 +/- 0.16 to 5.87 +/- 0.25 following ANTU and to 7.55 +/- 0.55 (g/g blood-free dry wt) when Pla was elevated with ANTU. The experimental design allowed quantitative assessment of the vascular permeability increase after ANTU by use of lymph protein fluxes that had minimal errors due to changes in surface area or lymph contamination from nonpulmonary structures.
Authors:
G Rutili; P Kvietys; D Martin; J C Parker; A E Taylor
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology: respiratory, environmental and exercise physiology     Volume:  52     ISSN:  0161-7567     ISO Abbreviation:  J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol     Publication Date:  1982 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1982-09-10     Completed Date:  1982-09-10     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7801242     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1316-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Blood Pressure
Blood Proteins / metabolism
Capillary Permeability / drug effects*
Dogs
Lymph / metabolism
Microcirculation / drug effects
Pulmonary Artery / physiology
Pulmonary Circulation / drug effects*
Thiourea / analogs & derivatives*,  pharmacology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL-22549/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; HL-24571/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Proteins; 62-56-6/Thiourea; UKY0H6XJ4J/alpha-naphthyl thiourea

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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