Document Detail


Increased production of active ghrelin is relevant to hyperphagia in nonobese spontaneously diabetic Torii rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22001335     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
An abnormal eating behavior is often associated with diabetes mellitus in individuals. In the present study, we investigated the mechanisms underlying the relationship among uncontrolled diabetes, food intake, and the production of ghrelin, an orexigenic hormone, in spontaneous diabetic Torii (SDT) rats. Male SDT rats and age-matched control Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were housed from 8 to 38 weeks of age. Body weight and daily food intake were measured weekly, whereas blood and whole stomach samples were obtained at the age of 8, 25, and 38 weeks in both SDT and SD rats. The SDT rats at both 25 and 38 weeks of age demonstrated significantly lower body weights despite almost doubled food consumption compared with the SD rats of the same age. The SDT rats showed overt hyperglycemia at 25 and 38 weeks of age with concomitant hypoinsulinemia. The plasma active ghrelin levels and the ratio to total ghrelin levels of SDT rats at 38 weeks of age were significantly higher than those of SD rats of the same age. Stomach ghrelin and ghrelin O-acyltransferase messenger RNA expression levels were higher in SDT rats than in SD rats after the induction of diabetes, with a concomitant decrease of stomach ghrelin-immunopositive cell numbers in SDT rats at 38 weeks of age. The SDT rats with uncontrolled hyperglycemia show hyperphagia with a concomitant increase of plasma active ghrelin concentration. This report is the first to clarify the relevance of ghrelin to hyperphagia in diabetic state over an extended period.
Authors:
Hiroharu Mifune; Yoshihiro Nishi; Yuji Tajiri; Taku Masuyama; Hiroshi Hosoda; Kenji Kangawa; Masayasu Kojima
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Metabolism: clinical and experimental     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-8600     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375267     Medline TA:  Metabolism     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Institute of Animal Experimentation, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume 830-0011, Japan.
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