Document Detail


Increased prevalence of nocturnal smoking in restless legs syndrome (RLS).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20064746     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the prevalence of nocturnal smoking (NS) in patients with RLS. METHODS: One hundred RLS patients living in Emilia-Romagna (Northern Italy) and 100 matched controls, randomly selected from the general population, underwent interviews for the presence of nocturnal smoking and for obsessive-compulsive traits, depression, excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and subjective sleep quality. RESULTS: NS was more prevalent in RLS patients than controls (lifetime prevalence: 12% vs. 2%, P=0.012). Patients with NS had more frequently Sleep-Related Eating Disorders (SRED) than patients without NS (83.3% vs. 26.1%, P=0.0002). Pathological and borderline Maudsley Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory (MOCI) values as well as pathological values at the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) increased from controls to RLS patients without NS to RLS patients with NS (P=0.005 and P=0.01, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrate an increased prevalence of NS in patients with RLS, in many cases associated with increased SRED. NS may be associated with psychopathological traits in RLS and may be relevant in the management of RLS patients.
Authors:
F Provini; E Antelmi; L Vignatelli; A Zaniboni; G Naldi; G Calandra-Buonaura; R Vetrugno; G Plazzi; F Pizza; P Montagna
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-01-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Sleep medicine     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1878-5506     ISO Abbreviation:  Sleep Med.     Publication Date:  2010 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-09     Completed Date:  2010-04-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100898759     Medline TA:  Sleep Med     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  218-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Neurological Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. federica.provini@unibo.it
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Case-Control Studies
Confidence Intervals
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Odds Ratio
Prevalence
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Restless Legs Syndrome / etiology*,  psychology
Sleep Disorders / etiology,  psychology
Smoking / adverse effects*,  psychology
Statistics, Nonparametric

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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