Document Detail


Increased peak expiratory flow variation in asthma: severe persistent increase but not nocturnal worsening of airway inflammation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9762777     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Asthma at night is characterized by a nocturnal increase in airway obstruction. It has been hypothesized that nocturnal asthma results from an increase in airway wall inflammation at night. However, studies on inflammatory cells in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid and bronchial biopsies have produced conflicting data. This study assessed inflammatory cell numbers at 16:00 h and 04:00 h in bronchial biopsies of 13 healthy controls, 15 asthmatic patients with peak expiratory flow (PEF) variation < or =15% and 10 asthmatic patients with PEF variation >15%. There was no significant increase at night in the number of CD3, CD4, CD8, CD25, AAI (tryptase) and EG2-immunopositive cells in the submucosa in both groups. Numbers of EG2-positive cells in the two asthmatic groups were significantly higher than in healthy controls, both at 16:00 h (p<0.05) and 04:00 h (p<0.01). The number of EG2, CD4 and CD25-positive cells at 04:00 and 16:00 h tended to be higher in asthmatics with a PEF variation >15% than in asthmatics with PEF variation < or =15%. At 04:00 h the median numbers of EG2-positive cells (per mm basement membrane) in subjects with PEF variation >15% and < or =15% were 6 and 3 cells, respectively, and at 16:00 h 4 and 25 cells respectively. Increased nocturnal airway obstruction is not associated with increased numbers of inflammatory cells in the bronchial submucosa at night. Apparently, asthmatic patients with a peak expiratory flow variation >15% suffer from a higher overall severity of bronchial inflammation at night and during the day.
Authors:
N H ten Hacken; W Timens; M Smith; G Drok; J Kraan; D S Postma
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The European respiratory journal     Volume:  12     ISSN:  0903-1936     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. Respir. J.     Publication Date:  1998 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-12-29     Completed Date:  1998-12-29     Revised Date:  2013-05-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8803460     Medline TA:  Eur Respir J     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  546-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Dept of Pulmonology, University Hospital Groningen, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Airway Obstruction / physiopathology
Asthma / pathology*,  physiopathology*
Biopsy, Needle
Bronchi / pathology*
Bronchoscopy
Circadian Rhythm / physiology*
Female
Forced Expiratory Volume / physiology
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Peak Expiratory Flow Rate* / physiology
Reference Values
Respiratory Mechanics
Severity of Illness Index
Statistics, Nonparametric

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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