Document Detail


Increased negativity of interstitial fluid pressure in rat trachea in dextran anaphylaxis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1371502     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study shows that, in rat trachea, dextran anaphylaxis is associated with increased negativity of interstitial fluid pressure (Pif) as measured with sharpened glass capillaries (tip diameter 3-7 microns) connected to a servo-controlled counterpressure system. Experiments were carried out in pentobarbital-anesthetized Wistar-Møller rats. Pif in the control situation was -2.5 +/- 0.38 (SD) mmHg. The mean pressure in animals killed 2 min after initiation of the anaphylactic reaction by injection of 1 ml of 10% Dextran 70 in 0.9% NaCl was -10.3 +/- 2.6 mmHg. In another experimental series, interstitial fluid volume was measured after dextran administration but without inducing circulatory arrest. Interstitial fluid volume increased from 0.94 +/- 0.16 to 1.56 +/- 0.42 ml/g dry wt after 10 min to 1.57 +/- 0.30 and 1.10 +/- 0.27 ml/g dry wt after 30 and 60 min, respectively. The increased negativity in Pif in tracheal mucosa in the early phase of dextran anaphylaxis will markedly increase the transcapillary net filtration pressure in the initial phase of edema development.
Authors:
M E Koller; R K Reed
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  72     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1992 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-03-30     Completed Date:  1992-03-30     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  53-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Anesthesiology, University of Bergen, Norway.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Anaphylaxis / etiology,  physiopathology*
Animals
Dextrans
Edema / physiopathology
Extracellular Space / physiology
Mucous Membrane / physiopathology
Pressure
Rats
Rats, Inbred Strains
Trachea / physiopathology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
9004-54-0/Dextrans

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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