Document Detail

Increased mean arterial pressure response to dynamic exercise in normotensive subjects with multiple metabolic risk factors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23344132     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Metabolic syndrome (MS) may influence vascular reactivity and might cause an excessive increase in blood pressure (BP) during dynamic exercise. We examined this hypothesis in 698 normotensive men (mean age: 43 years) free of cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus and renal disease. The response of BP to exercise was assessed by the mean arterial pressure (MAP) during bicycle ergometry. The MAP values were expressed as z-scores normalized to the relative increases in heart rate. High-normal BP, dyslipidemia and hyperglycemia were diagnosed according to the Japan-specific MS criteria. The z-score of MAP was significantly higher in subjects with high-normal BP (+0.57, P<0.001), dyslipidemia (+0.18, P<0.001) and hyperglycemia (+0.24, P<0.001) than in those without MS component (-0.38). In the high-normal BP subjects, the addition of dyslipidemia and/or hyperglycemia was associated with a progressive increase in the z-score of exercise MAP, whereas no such association was observed in the normal-BP subjects (P=0.033, two-way ANOVA). Multivariate regression analysis revealed that a greater number of MS components (β=0.102, P=0.010) was an independent determinant of increased MAP z-score after adjustment for potential confounders, including age (β=0.123, P<0.001), body mass index (β=0.145, P<0.001) and high-normal BP (β=0.410, P<0.001). These results suggest that accumulation of MS components may alter vascular structure and function and lead to the significant elevation of MAP during dynamic exercise even before clinical manifestation of arterial hypertension.Hypertension Research advance online publication, 24 January 2013; doi:10.1038/hr.2012.215.
Nobuyuki Miyai; Maki Shiozaki; Mayuko Yabu; Miyoko Utsumi; Ikuharu Morioka; Kazuhisa Miyashita; Mikio Arita
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hypertension research : official journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1348-4214     ISO Abbreviation:  Hypertens. Res.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9307690     Medline TA:  Hypertens Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
School of Health and Nursing Science, Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama, Japan.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Ambulatory and home blood pressure monitoring in children and adolescents: diagnosis of hypertension...
Next Document:  A meta-analysis of randomized trials of telmisartan vs. valsartan therapy for blood pressure reducti...