Document Detail


Increased interleukin (IL)-8 and decreased IL-17 production in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) provoked by cigarette smoke.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21996014     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Recently, involvement of IL-17 in development of COPD has been noticed. Unlike IL-8, the role of IL-17 in COPD remains controversial. In order to further understand mechanisms in cigarette smoke (CS) induced COPD, we investigated IL-17 and IL-8 levels in different stages of COPD patients, and time courses of IL-17 and IL-8 release in CS induced COPD rats. A total of 73 elderly patients with COPD and 31 healthy volunteers were recruited in the study. IL-17 and IL-8 levels in the sputum and plasma were measured, and number of differential cells was counted. A newly developed CS induced rat COPD model was employed to study time courses of IL-17 and IL-8 release and nucleated cell accumulation. The results showed that IL-8 levels in the sputum of severe COPD patients were elevated by 16.5-fold, but IL-17 levels were reduced by 4.8-fold. While IL-8 correlated with neutrophils, IL-17 correlated with monocytes and lymphocytes. Similarly, level of IL-8 was increased, but IL-17 was decreased in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of CS rats. Time course study showed that increased IL-8 production in the BALF initiated at 6weeks, but decreased IL-17 production started at 10weeks following CS exposure. In conclusion, increased IL-8 level in COPD patients appears mainly secreted from neutrophils and macrophages, whereas decreased IL-17 level seems resulted from reduced number of monocytes or damaged epithelial cells. Increased IL-8 (a proinflammatory cytokine) secretion and decreased IL-17 (a protective cytokine of airways) release can both contribute to development of COPD.
Authors:
Xiaojun Zhang; Honggao Zheng; Huiyun Zhang; Wenjing Ma; Fang Wang; Changting Liu; Shaoheng He
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cytokine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1096-0023     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9005353     Medline TA:  Cytokine     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
The General Hospital of PLA, Beijing 100853, China.
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