Document Detail

Increased hot-plate ignition probability for nanoparticle-laden diesel fuel.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18429638     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The present study attempts to improve the ignition properties of diesel fuel by investigating the influence of adding aluminum and aluminum oxide nanoparticles to diesel. As part of this study, droplet ignition experiments were carried out atop a heated hot plate. Different types of fuel mixtures were used; both particle size (15 and 50 nm) as well as the volume fraction (0%, 0.1%, and 0.5%) of nanoparticles added to diesel were varied. For each type of fuel mixture, several droplets were dropped on the hot plate from a fixed height and under identical conditions, and the probability of ignition of that fuel was recorded based on the number of droplets that ignited. These experiments were repeated at several temperatures over the range of 688-768 degrees C. It was observed that the ignition probability for the fuel mixtures that contained nanoparticles was significantly higher than that of pure diesel.
Himanshu Tyagi; Patrick E Phelan; Ravi Prasher; Robert Peck; Taewoo Lee; Jose R Pacheco; Paul Arentzen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2008-04-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nano letters     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1530-6984     ISO Abbreviation:  Nano Lett.     Publication Date:  2008 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-05-15     Completed Date:  2008-07-10     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101088070     Medline TA:  Nano Lett     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1410-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287-6106, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aluminum / chemistry*
Hot Temperature*
Nanoparticles / chemistry*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Gasoline; 7429-90-5/Aluminum

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