Document Detail


Increased gray matter density in patients with schizophrenia and cannabis use: A voxel-based morphometric study using DARTEL.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22475382     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Alterations in gray matter density as well as cognitive impairments are commonly described in patients with schizophrenia (SCH patients). Both gray matter deficits and cognitive impairments have recently been discussed to represent vulnerability markers of schizophrenia. The counterintuitive finding of better cognitive performance in patients with schizophrenia and cannabis use (SCH+CAN patients) compared to cannabis naïve patients is discussed as a reflection of lower vulnerability for schizophrenia in at least one subgroup of SCH+CAN patients. We hypothesized that SCH+CAN patients would display fewer gray matter deficits compared to SCH patients reflecting their presumed lower vulnerability. We therefore compared gray matter density in 30 first episode SCH+CAN and 24 first episode SCH patients using a fast diffeomorphic registration algorithm (DARTEL) and voxel-based morphometry (VBM). We found less severe cognitive impairments and middle frontal gray matter deficits in the SCH+CAN patients. In the pooled sample gray matter density was positively associated with cognitive functioning. Results may support the hypothesis of a lower biological vulnerability in at least one subgroup of SCH+CAN patients.
Authors:
Thomas Schnell; Alexandra Kleiman; Euphrosyne Gouzoulis-Mayfrank; Jörg Daumann; Benjamin Becker
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  Schizophrenia research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-2509     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804207     Medline TA:  Schizophr Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Medical School Hamburg, Am Kaiserkai 1, 20457 Hamburg, Germany; Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Cologne, Kerpener Str. 62, 50924 Cologne, Germany.
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