Document Detail

Increased fertility in lactating dairy cows resynchronized with Double-Ovsynch compared with Ovsynch initiated 32 d after timed artificial insemination.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22281329     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The objective was to determine if using a Double-Ovsynch protocol [DO; Pre-Resynch: GnRH-7 d-PGF(2α)-3 d-GnRH, 7 d later Breeding-Resynch: GnRH-7 d-PGF(2α)-56 h-GnRH-16 h-timed artificial insemination (TAI)] to resynchronize ovulation after a previous TAI would increase synchrony and pregnancies per AI (P/AI) compared with an Ovsynch protocol initiated 32 d after TAI (D32; GnRH-7 d-PGF(2α)-56 h-GnRH-16 h-TAI). Lactating Holstein cows at various days in milk and prior AI services were blocked by parity and randomly assigned to resynchronization treatments. All DO cows received the first GnRH injection of Pre-Resynch 22 d after TAI, and cows (n=981) diagnosed not pregnant using transrectal ultrasonography 29 d after TAI continued the protocol. Pregnancy status for all D32 cows was evaluated 29 d after TAI so fertility and pregnancy loss could be compared with that of DO cows. All D32 cows received the first GnRH injection of Ovsynch 32 d after TAI, and cows (n=956) diagnosed not pregnant using transrectal palpation 39 d after TAI continued the protocol. In a subgroup of cows from each treatment, ultrasonography (n=751) and serum progesterone (P4) concentrations (n=743) were used to determine the presence of a functional corpus luteum (CL) and ovulation to the first GnRH injection of D32 and Breeding-Resynch of DO (GnRH1), luteal regression after PGF before TAI, and ovulation to the GnRH injection before TAI (GnRH2). Overall, P/AI 29 d after TAI was not affected by parity and was greater for DO compared with D32 cows (39 vs. 30%). Pregnancy loss from 29 to 74 d after TAI was not affected by parity or treatment. The percentage of cows with a functional CL (P4 ≥1.0ng/mL) at GnRH1 was greater for DO than D32 cows (81 vs. 58%), with most DO cows having medium P4 (60%; 1.0 to 3.49ng/ml), whereas most D32 cows had either low (42%; <1.0ng/mL) or high (36%; ≥3.5ng/mL) P4 at GnRH1. Ovulation to GnRH1 was similar between treatments but was affected by serum P4 at GnRH. Cows with low P4 (<1.0ng/mL) had the greatest ovulatory response (59%), followed by cows with medium (≥1.0 to 3.49ng/mL; 38%) and then high (≥3.50ng/mL; 16%) P4 at GnRH1. A greater percentage of DO cows were synchronized compared with D32 cows (72 vs. 51%) primarily due to a greater percentage of D32 than DO cows without a functional CL at the PGF injection before TAI (35 vs. 17%) or without complete CL regression before GnRH2 (17 vs. 7%). We conclude that DO increased fertility of lactating dairy cows during a resynchronization program primarily by increasing synchronization of cows during the Ovsynch protocol before TAI.
J O Giordano; M C Wiltbank; J N Guenther; R Pawlisch; S Bas; A P Cunha; P M Fricke
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dairy science     Volume:  95     ISSN:  1525-3198     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dairy Sci.     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985126R     Medline TA:  J Dairy Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  639-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 American Dairy Science Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Dairy Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53706.
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