Document Detail


Increased expression of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptors in psoriasis plaques.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23362875     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Recent case reports suggest that treatment with glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) agonists results in clinical improvement of psoriasis. The purpose of this study was to determine whether GLP-1 receptors (GLP-1Rs) are found in the skin of healthy volunteers and psoriasis patients and if so, whether GLP-1Rs are located on keratinocytes or immune cells. Three mm-punch skin biopsies were taken for gene expression analysis from six healthy volunteers and from affected and unaffected skin of six psoriasis patients. In addition, a blood sample was obtained from all participants. Cultured human keratinocytes were either untreated or incubated with tumor necrosis factor- α (TNF-α), interferon-γ (IFN-γ) or a combination of TNF-α and IFN-γ for 48 h. Total RNA was extracted from all the samples, reversely transcribed and analysed for the expression of GLP-1R using real-time PCR. Gene expression analysis showed expression of GLP-1Rs in five of six skin biopsies from psoriasis plaques, in one of six biopsies from unaffected psoriatic skin and in one of six biopsies from healthy skin. GLP-1R expression was found in the blood of both healthy volunteers and psoriasis patients. No GLP-1R expression was found in either stimulated or unstimulated cultured human keratinocytes. Our results show increased presence of GLP-1Rs in psoriasis plaques and that this most likely is due to infiltration with immune cells. This offers a possible explanation for the positive effect of treatment with GLP-1R agonists in patients with psoriasis.
Authors:
Annesofie Faurschou; Jens Pedersen; Mette Gyldenløve; Steen S Poulsen; Jens J Holst; Jacob P Thyssen; Claus Zachariae; Tina Vilsbøll; Lone Skov; Filip K Knop
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Letter    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental dermatology     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1600-0625     ISO Abbreviation:  Exp. Dermatol.     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9301549     Medline TA:  Exp Dermatol     Country:  Denmark    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  150-2     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Affiliation:
Diabetes Research Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Gentofte Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Hellerup, Denmark.
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