Document Detail

Increased arterial stiffness is independently related to cerebrovascular disease and aneurysms of the abdominal aorta: the Second Manifestations of Arterial Disease (SMART) Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15143289     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Arterial stiffness is a risk factor for stroke and myocardial infarction. We investigated whether carotid arterial stiffness is related to other localizations of manifest arterial disease. METHODS: Carotid artery stiffness was measured by ultrasonography as the change in diameter in systole relative to the diastolic diameter in patients enrolled in the Second Manifestations of Arterial Disease (SMART) Study, a cohort study among patients with manifest cardiovascular disease or cardiovascular risk factors. The first consecutive 1561 patients with manifest cardiovascular disease were classified in 4 categories: cerebrovascular disease, coronary artery disease, peripheral artery disease, or aneurysm of the abdominal aorta (AAA). Differences in arterial stiffness among the categories were studied by linear regression analyses. Patients with coronary artery disease as single diagnosis (n=482) served as reference group. RESULTS: Patients with cerebrovascular disease (arterial distension -42.0 microm [95% CI, -57.2 to -26.8]) and those with an AAA (-64.4 microm [95% CI, -84.8 to -44.0]) had an increased carotid stiffness compared with the reference group. Adjustment for confounders attenuated the relations, which remained statistically significant (-34.2 microm [95% CI, -47.8 to -20.7] and -33.2 microm [95% CI, -51.8 to -14.6], respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that increased arterial stiffness is important in the pathophysiology of especially cerebrovascular disease and AAA. That the differences in arterial stiffness between disease categories attenuated after adjustment for important risk factors but remained significant suggests that besides being an element in the causal pathway, arterial stiffness is also a risk factor for cardiovascular disease itself.
J M Dijk; Y van der Graaf; D E Grobbee; J D Banga; M L Bots;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2004-05-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation     Volume:  35     ISSN:  1524-4628     ISO Abbreviation:  Stroke     Publication Date:  2004 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-06-25     Completed Date:  2004-10-27     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0235266     Medline TA:  Stroke     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1642-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Huispostnummer Str 6.131, PO Box 85060, 3508 BA Utrecht, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal / epidemiology,  etiology*,  pathology
Carotid Arteries / pathology,  physiopathology*,  ultrasonography
Cerebrovascular Disorders / epidemiology,  etiology*,  pathology
Coronary Artery Disease / epidemiology
Middle Aged
Peripheral Vascular Diseases / epidemiology
Risk Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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