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Increased amount of interstitial fibrosis predicts ventricular arrhythmias, and is associated with reduced myocardial septal function in patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23426552     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS: Reduced echocardiographic strain is associated with ventricular arrhythmias in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate which type of histological fibrosis contributes to ventricular arrhythmias and reduced septal longitudinal strain, in obstructive HCM-patients with or without additional coronary artery disease (CAD) and/or hypertension (HT).METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty-three HCM-patients (mean age 57 ± 13 years) were included. Strain by speckle tracking echocardiography was performed prior to either percutaneous transluminal septal ablation (n = 37) or septal myectomy (n = 26). In 24 patients myectomy specimens were available (histology population) and allowed determination of %area of interstitial and replacement fibrosis. Twenty-nine (46%) patients had concomitant CAD and/or HT, and 15 (24%) experienced ventricular arrhythmias defined as documented ventricular tachycardia or arrhythmogenic suspected syncope. The patients with ventricular arrhythmias had lower septal longitudinal strain compared with those without arrhythmias (-9.0 ± 4.0 vs. -13.6 ± 5.6%, P = 0.006). In the histology population reduced septal longitudinal strain correlated to interstitial (R(2) = 0.36 P = 0.003), but not to replacement fibrosis (R(2) = 0.03 P = 0.43). By logistic regression analyses, interstitial fibrosis predicted ventricular arrhythmias (OR 1.16, 95% CI 1.02-1.32, P = 0.03), while replacement fibrosis did not (OR 1.22, 95% CI 0.93-1.59, P = 0.15).CONCLUSION: Total amount of fibrosis was a marker of ventricular arrhythmias in obstructive HCM-patients. Interstitial fibrosis seemed to be more important compared with replacement fibrosis in arrhythmogenesis, and was related to reduced septal myocardial function. These findings suggest that interstitial fibrosis may play an important role as the arrhythmogenic substrate, and that strain echocardiography can help detection of patients at risk.
Authors:
Vibeke M Almaas; Kristina H Haugaa; Erik H Strøm; Helge Scott; Christen P Dahl; Trond P Leren; Odd R Geiran; Knut Endresen; Thor Edvardsen; Svend Aakhus; Jan Peder Amlie
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-2-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Europace : European pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac electrophysiology : journal of the working groups on cardiac pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac cellular electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2092     ISO Abbreviation:  Europace     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883649     Medline TA:  Europace     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet, PO Box 4950, Nydalen, N-0424 Oslo, Norway.
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