Document Detail


Increased body mass index is associated with larger renal calculi.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22990060     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between the body mass index and the size of renal stones in a group of patients with urolithiasis.
METHODS: One-hundred seventy-three patients with renal stones were enrolled. Body mass index was calculated on the basis of height and weight measurements, and stone size was either measured accurately (143 patients) or estimated by the radiologist or managing urologist (30 patients). Body mass index and stone size were then cross-tabulated and the results were analyzed.
RESULTS: Patients with a body mass index of ≥ 25 kg/m(2) (overweight or obese) were found to have 29 (16.8%) small, 84 (48.5%) medium, and 25 (14.5%) large stones, whereas patients in the underweight or normal body mass index categories had 7 (9.5%) small, 19 (10.9%) medium, and 9 (10.6%) large stones. Of the study group, 109/173 (63%) were found to be overweight or obese, of whom all had renal stones ≥ 1 cm, ie, medium or large, when measured at the greatest diameter, indicating a tendency to have larger stones with increasing body mass index that was statistically significant (P = .0001).
CONCLUSION: A clear relationship exists between increased body mass index and renal stone size, with overweight and obese patients having medium and large stones more frequently than patients with underweight or normal body mass index.
Authors:
Hisham A Mosli; Hala Hisham Mosli
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article     Date:  2012-09-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Urology     Volume:  80     ISSN:  1527-9995     ISO Abbreviation:  Urology     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-30     Completed Date:  2013-01-08     Revised Date:  2013-06-05    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0366151     Medline TA:  Urology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  974-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Urology, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. hmosli@hotmail.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Body Mass Index*
Disease Progression
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Kidney Calculi / complications*,  radiography
Male
Middle Aged
Overweight / complications*
Retrospective Studies
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Young Adult
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Urology. 2013 May;81(5):1117-8   [PMID:  23608440 ]
Urology. 2012 Nov;80(5):977-8; discussion 978-9   [PMID:  22990057 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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